She modeled under the name "Maria" before being nicknamed "Suzanne" by Toulouse-Lautrec, after the biblical story of Susanna and the Elders as he felt that she especially liked modeling for older artists. A deep and penetrating awareness of self seemed to flow as a strong wave across the early-20. There is a very strong sense in all of Valadonâs work that she seeks to demystify sex and to present passion and libido as common experiences shared by all. Art historian Heather Dawkins believed that Valadon's experience as a model added depth to her own images of nude women, which tended to be less idealized than the male post-impressionists' representations. PIX … Her work was candid and occasionally awkward, often characterized by strong lines, and her resistance to both academic and avant-garde conventions for representing the female nude have encouraged interest in her work: It has been argued that many of her images of women signal a form of resistance to some of the dominant representations of female sexuality in early 20th-century Western art.  She has been considered a transgressor as a woman painting the nude female body. Lycée professionnel Suzanne Valadon, lycée professionnel public à Paris (75018) : enseignements en seconde, première et terminale, adresse, téléphone... retrouvez toutes les informations utiles sur ce lycée professionnel public (Later in life, Valadon claimed her date of birth was July 23, 1867, although this date is not supported by records.) Opinions sur Lycée professionnel Suzanne Valadon de PARIS . Lycée Suzanne Valadon, consultez les avis ainsi que le nombre d'élèves et d'enseignants, les résultats, les options et les coordonnées. ©2021 The Art Story Foundation. She was also the mother of painter Maurice Utrillo. Nous remercions par avance les élèves et les parents de bien vouloir vérifier que la tenue portée est conforme avant de se présenter au lycée. Biography of Suzanne Valadon Valadon was central to the art world in France at the time - in this 1885 portrait she is just about 20 years old, and already inspiring the likes of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec . Si vous avez été ou êtes encore étudiant, enseignant, travailleur ou avez eu tout autre contact avec Lycée professionnel Suzanne Valadon de PARIS, vous pouvez commenter sur les opinions, expériences, critiques, observations, etc. Her first models were family members, especially her son, mother, and niece. Professor and art historian Gill Perry writes in The Concise Dictionary of Women Artists, âThese female figures seem strangely separate from each other, from the male viewer and from the nature that surrounds them. We would like to show you a description here but the site won’t allow us. Lycée professionnel SUZANNE VALADON 7 RUE FERDINAND FLOCON 75018 Paris 01 53 09 22 19 https://lyc-suzannevaladon.ac-paris.fr Nous contacter Voir le plan. The books and articles below constitute a bibliography of the sources used in the writing of this page. An earlier novel by Sarah Baylis, entitled Utrillo's Mother, was published first in England and later in the United States.  In 1885, Renoir painted her portrait again as Girl Braiding Her Hair. Her initial works are observational, drawings of the scenes that were around her at the time, and in this case the subject is her son. The painting was originally completed without the leaves covering Utterâs genitals, but they were added later in order to avoid scandal and to enable exhibition of the work in the Salon of 1920. 1991, Utrillo, Valadon, Utter: la Trilogie Maudite, Acropolis, Nice. Valadon may be referencing her own relationship here - that of an older woman and much younger man - he as the forbidden fruit, and she, with the confidence to take him. lycee suzanne valadon limoges n° finess 870007119 n° siret 198 700 197 00017 date d'ouverture 04/04/1904.  Valadon's first time in the Salon de la Nationale was in 1894. Known to be quite independent and rebellious, she attended primary school until age 11. Far from evoking a utopian harmony of woman and nature suggested by, for example, Matisse or Gauguin, Valadonâs robust and sharply outlined women suggest a more ambiguous, dislocated relationship with both nature and the male spectator.â, Content compiled and written by Lisa Marder, Edited and revised, with Summary and Accomplishments added by Rebecca Baillie, "âI had great masters. , The most recognizable image of Valadon is in Renoir's Dance at Bougival from 1883, the same year that she posed for Dance in the City. Le lycée Suzanne VALADON est un lycée professionnel du 18e arrondissement de Paris. Painter. Les élèves du lycée Suzanne Valadon doivent se présenter en tenue professionnelle tous les lundis. Source / Suzanne Valadon (23 September 1865 – 7 April 1938) was a French painter and artists' model who was born Marie-Clémentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe, Haute-Vienne, France.In 1894, Valadon became the first woman painter admitted to the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts.She was also the mother of painter Maurice Utrillo.. Valadon spent nearly 40 years of her life as an artist. Nuvo Magazine / / The Culture Trip November 28, 2016, By Catherine Hewitt / Pierre Auguste Renoir, Georges Rouault, Ker Xavier Roussel, Paul Signac, Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, Suzanne Valadon, Maurice de Vlaminck, James A. McNeill Whistler, and others. Valadon was the basis for the character Suzanne Rouvier in the novel The Razor's Edge by W. Somerset Maugham.. En 1919, Pisis s'installe à Rome où, parallèlement à son métier de professeur de lycée, il commence à peindre, notamment des paysages urbains, des marines et des natures mortes. Here there is no mistaking that what we are dealing with - desire, libido, and sex. October 28, 2017, By Jim Christy / Lycée Suzanne Valadon à Limoges Infrastructures de sports et loisirs Enseignement : social, paramédical Lycées d'enseignement général et technologique publics Enseignement supérieur public Lycées professionnels publics : adresse, photos, retrouvez les coordonnées et … Throughout her career, Valadon returned to self-portraiture. There is no serpent in Valadonâs painting, though, and the figures seem weightless, appearing to be floating together.  In 1895, the art dealer Paul Durand-Ruel exhibited a group of twelve etchings by Valadon that show women in various stages of their toilettes. The Daily Mail / Valadon was central to the art world in France at the time - in this 1885 portrait she is just about 20 years old, and already inspiring the likes of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. All Rights Reserved, Renoirâs Dancer: The Secret Life of Suzanne Valadon, The Valadon Drama: The Life of Suzanne Valadon, How do Women Look? Valadon emphasised the importance of composition of her portraits over painting expressive eyes. She was a model and a dear friend to some of the most famous artists of a generation, as well as a groundbreaking artist in her own right. I have never betrayed anything that I believed in.â", "âThe purpose of my life: equilibrium.â", "âIt seized me so young, at eight years old I wrote down what I saw, I wanted to grasp and demonstrate [the reality of] the trees and limbs so that I could keep hold of them.â". Pronotes. conseils de classe des secondes. , In 1883, aged 18, Valadon gave birth to a son, Maurice Utrillo. Lycée Suzanne Valadon; Lycée Suzanne Valadon. At the top of the funicular, and less than 50 meters to its east, are the steps named rue Maurice Utrillo after her son the artist. Lycée Suzanne Valadon. These notable Salon paintings include Adam and Eve (Adam et Eve) (1909), Joy of Life (La Joie de vivre) (1911), and Casting the Net (Lancement du filet) (1914). Elle a ensuite été retravaillée par Monsieur CUBAUT pour en arriver à son état actuel. "Suzanne Valadon Artist Overview and Analysis".  In her lifetime, Valadon produced around 273 drawings, 478 paintings, and 31 etchings, excluding pieces given away or destroyed..  Valadon's paintings feature rich colors and bold, open brushwork often featuring firm black lines to define and outline her figures.. Suzanne Valadon (23 September 1865 – 7 April 1938) was a French painter and artists' model who was born Marie-Clémentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe, Haute-Vienne, France. She never attended the academy and was never confined within a tradition.. Atlantis, Vol. Bac +1/2 RNCP III BTS Limoges Source digiSchool - 2017. , Valadon's earliest surviving signed and dated work is a self-portrait from 1883, drawn in charcoal and pastel. 86000 poitiers. 207 likes.  She resisted typical depictions of women via their class and supposed sexuality through her use of unidealised and self-possessed bodies that are not overly sexualised.  The subjects of Valadon's paintings often reinvent the old masters' themes: women bathing, reclining nudes, and interior scenes. Another of his portraits of her in 1885, Suzanne Valadon, is of her head and shoulders in profile. Ancien établissement lié à la mairie de Paris, le lycée Suzanne VALADON est depuis la rentrée 2014 un EPLE (établissement public local d'enseignement) géré par la région Ile de France. Laissez votre ☆ avis  Degas was notably the first person to buy drawings from her, and he also introduced her to other collectors, including Paul Durand-Ruel and Ambroise Vollard. Like Schiele, Valadon was driven by passions from within - an energy and life force. Lycée Suzanne-Valadon, Limoges (87) : retrouvez sur Letudiant.fr toutes les informations pratiques pour Lycée Suzanne-Valadon, ainsi que les formations proposées. For other uses, see, "At MFA, dancing the night away in the arms of Renoir", "Passionate Discontent: Creativity, Gender and French Symbolist Art", "Inspired by Art Herstory: Suzanne Valadon's "The Blue Room" (1923)", "Toilette de deux enfant dans le jardin - Suzanne Valadon", https://www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/461643, "Women, Suzanne Valadon ^ Minneapolis Institute of Art", https://www.mba-lyon.fr/fr/fiche-oeuvre/marie-coca-et-sa-fille, "Suzanne Valadon | National Museum of Women in the Arts", "Suzanne Valadon: The Mistress Of Montmartre", http://www.oxfordartonline.com/subscriber/article/grove/art/T087579, https://archive.org/details/valadondramathel027482mbp, Claude Monet Painting in His Garden at Argenteuil, Portrait of IrÃ¨ne Cahen d'Anvers (La Petite IrÃ¨ne), Portrait of Ambroise Vollard in a Red Headscarf, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Suzanne_Valadon&oldid=996717627, Members of the Ligue de la patrie franÃ§aise, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with RKDartists identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Art historian Patricia Mathews suggests that Valadon's working-class status and experience as a model influenced her intimate, familiar observation of these women's bodies. Contactez ☎ Lycée Suzanne Valadon Limoges, 39 Rue François Perrin avec ⌚ horaires d'ouverture, itinéraire, email et coordonnées. Drawings by Albert Besnard, Andre Barbier, Henri Edmond C ross, Jean-Louis Forain, Eva Gonzales, Marie Laurencin, Maximilien Luce, and Georges Rouault. This is not a painting about fantasy or flirtation, but about the physical yearning for sexual connectivity, importantly experienced by both men and women. Valadon was well known during her lifetime, especially towards the end of her career. Lycée Suzanne Valadon Limoges, 87, Haute-Vienne - Onisep.fr : informations détaillées et formations proposées par cet établissement (Lycée) Overall, the painting makes the fact that people fall in love and have sex a much more public and real idea than convention at the time.  In the early 1890s, she befriended Edgar Degas who, impressed with her bold line drawings and fine paintings, purchased her work and encouraged her; she remained one of his closest friends until his death. Présentation : Lycée Suzanne Valadon Lycée public, le Lycée Suzanne Valadon se trouve dans la ville de Limoges (Académie de Limoges). Both an asteroid (6937 Valadon) and a crater on Venus are named in her honor. Valadon was born Marie Clémentine Valadon on September 23, 1865, in the small town of Bessines, located in northeastern France. Suzanne Valadon: List of works - All Artworks by Date 1→10. Burns / Whilst her technique and observational style have much in common with the French and English Post-Impressionists, her hard hitting and multi-layered thematic edge - a fascinating and central focus on sex and aging - is more akin to that of the German, Austrian, and Scandinavian Expressionists, making Valadon an art historical lynchpin as well as a bright beacon for Feminist Art. , It is commonly believed that Valadon taught herself how to draw at the age of nine. Valadonâs portraits are based on real emotions and actual physical experience; they encourage women to look for themselves and to reclaim their own viewpoint. Valadon was not confined to a specific style, yet both Symbolist and Post-Impressionist aesthetics are clearly seen within her work. , In 1893, Valadon began a short-lived affair with composer Erik Satie, moving to a room next to his on the Rue Cortot. Suzanne Valadon (23 September 1865 – 7 April 1938) was a French painter and artists' model who was born Marie-ClÃ©mentine Valadon at Bessines-sur-Gartempe, Haute-Vienne, France. Indeed, bathers in nature or nudes in a landscape has been a time-honored theme for artists, from ancient Greece to 20th-century Paris and beyond.  Later, she regularly showed at Galerie Bernheim-Jeune in Paris.  She produced mostly drawings between 1883 and 1893, and began painting in 1892. Lycée Suzanne Valadon, lycée général et technologique public à Limoges (87000) : enseignements en seconde, première et terminale, adresse, téléphone... retrouvez toutes les informations utiles sur ce lycée général et technologique public 1911, the first, at the Galerie Clovis Sagot; 1915, 1919, 1927 (retrospective) and 1928, Galerie Berthe Weill, Paris; 1922, 1923 and 1929, Galerie Bernheim-Jeune, Paris; 1931 and 1932, Galerie Le Portique, Paris; 1938, 1942, 1947, 1959 and 1962, Galerie PÃ©tridÃ¨s, Paris; 1996, Suzanne Valadon, Pierre Gianada Foundation, Martigny. Lycée Suzanne Valadon. , In 1896, Valadon became a full-time painter after her marriage to the well-to-do banker Paul Mousis. , Valadon helped to educate herself in art by observing the artists at work for whom she posed. Previously women in such scenes were portrayed languidly displaying themselves without the pointer as to where and to what the sexy poses would lead. At the age of five, Valadon relocated to Paris with her mother. , Valadon began painting full-time in 1896. She was, however, best known for her candid female nudes that depict women's bodies from a woman's perspective. Among those in attendance at her funeral were her friends and colleagues AndrÃ© Derain, Pablo Picasso, and Georges Braque.  For two years, she was Toulouse-Lautrec's lover until her attempted suicide in 1888. What is revealed is very interesting because the genre of portraiture is generally transformed, no longer a vehicle to communicate status and wealth, but rather an opportunity to reflect on identity and the workings of human psychology. There is a sense once again that this painting seeks to demystify sex and attraction.  At the age of 15 Valadon met Count Antoine de la Rochefoucauld and ThÃ¨o Wagner, two symbolist painters who were involved in decorating a circus belonging to Medrano. Vous trouverez le détail de cette formation de niveau Bac + 2 dans le secteur Informatique, traitement de l'information, réseaux de transmission. Not only an artist, Valadon is also famous for her inclusion in so many other artistsâ notable works. Whether or not it was her intention, Valadon adds food for thought to theoretical debates surrounding the subject of attraction between men and women and the politics of looking addressed later in the century (by the likes of Simone de Beauvoir, John Berger, and Laura Mulvey). Valadon frequented the bars and taverns of Paris with her fellow painters, and she was Toulouse-Lautrec's subject in his oil painting The Hangover. Le port d'un jogging et d'un jean troué n'est pas autorisé.  She painted still lifes, portraits, flowers, and landscapes that are noted for their strong composition and vibrant colors. In 1894, Valadon became the first woman painter admitted to the Société Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In this respect she differed from Berthe Morisot and Mary Cassatt, who painted mostly women, but "remained well within the bounds of propriety in their subject matter" because of their upper-middle-class status in French society. Typically with a look of defiance and a slight scowl, Suzanne Valadon lived and worked at the absolute epicenter of artistic Paris in its heyday.  Valadon's friend Miguel Utrillo would later sign papers recognizing Maurice as his son, although his true paternity is uncertain. 39 rue François Perrin 87000 Limoges Cedex - 3473 inscrits (Plus d'infos sur l'école) Académie de Limoges - Zone B LP Suzanne Valadon, Paris (75) : retrouver toutes les informations du lycée sur le site de Letudiant.fr dont l'effectif, matières et cursus de l'établissement.  Her work attracted attention partly because, as a woman painting unidealized nudes, she upset the social norms of the time.  Her earliest known female nude was executed in 1892. Les classes préparatoires aux DCG et DCSG du lycée Suzanne Valadon de Limoges Filière expertise comptable (Classes préparatoires à l'expertise comptable)  She worked primarily with oil paint, oil pencils, pastels, and red chalk; she did not use ink or watercolor because these mediums were too fluid for her preference. They are conspicuously at odds with the svelte, 'feminine' type to be found in the imagery of both popular and 'high' art.. March 1, 1985, By Marilyn Brower /  She also painted many nude self-portraits across the span of her career, the later of which displayed her aging body. February 25, 2013, By Art Historian Vida Hull, East Tennessee State University. [Internet]. Shop Art.com for the best selection of Suzanne Valadon wall art online.  Her first large oils for the Salon related to sexual pleasure, and they were some of the first examples in painting for the man to be an object of desire by a woman. The brash color of her early canvases anticipated the Fauvist movement … Timberlake Wertenbaker's play, The Line (2009), traces the relationship between Valadon and Degas. institut regional du travail social (irts) poitiers. Code UAI : 0870019Y.  Valadon's mother cared for Maurice while she returned to modelling. Lycée SUZANNE VALADON: Adresse: 39, rue François Perrin – 87032 LIMOGES Cedex: Numéro de téléphone (+33) 5 55 45 56 00: Adresse mail: Site internet lycee-valadon-limoges.fr: Diplôme(s) préparé(s) DCG – DSCG: Contact 18, Nos 1 & 2, 1992-1993, By Stephanie Carwin / She forged a career in a manâs world, challenged the conventions of the nude, and carved a new critical space in which to consider a womanâs body. Unlike other women artists at the time Valadon rejected examples of a light and feathered âfeminineâ brushstroke, and instead experimented with bold and definitive lines, more typically considered to be âmasculineâ. Suzanne Valadon, pseudonyme de Marie-Clémentine Valadon1, née le 23 septembre 1865 à Bessines-sur-Gartempe (Haute-Vienne) et morte le 7 avril 1938 à Paris, est une artiste peintre française. In 1894, Valadon became the first woman painter admitted to the SociÃ©tÃ© Nationale des Beaux-Arts. She was also the mother of painter Maurice Utrillo. Evènements Ajouter. Écoles, enrichissez votre fiche ! This painting was made during a highly productive period for Valadon when she had just met the young AndrÃ© Utter. After her death: 1940, 22nd Biennale Internationale des Beaux-Arts, Paris; 1949, Great Trends in Contemporary Painting from Manet to our Day, Albi; 1991, Utrillo, Valadon, Utter, Chateau Constant, Bessines. Thus she has become an important role model for following generations of female artists. She also exhibited in the Salon d'Automne from 1909, Salon des Independants from 1911; Salon des Femmes Artistes Modernes, 1933-1938. Valadon differed from her female contemporaries. The figures poised on the precipice of sin, with Eve/Valadon reaching for the apple, their naked bodies already entwined. , Valadon debuted as a model in 1880 in Montmartre at age 15. This page was last edited on 28 December 2020, at 06:48.  She made a shift from drawing to painting starting in 1909. Dcg-Dscg Valadon.  The subjects of her drawings and paintings, such as Joy of Life (1911), included mostly female nudes, female portraits, still lifes, and landscapes. Born Marie Clementine Valadon, the illegitimate daughter of a Parisian laundress, she was a trapeze artist and a model for Renoir, Degas and Toulouse-Lautrec before turning to painting. Bonjour Paris / Depicting oneâs children is an interesting way for a woman to combine two roles that are often considered incompatible, that of being a mother and an artist. The nearly life-sized painting depicts Valadon as Eve and Utter as Adam, the original lovers in the paradise of the Garden of Eden. It was also the first painting exhibited by a female artist to show a nude man and woman together, and not merely any man or woman, but the artist and her lover (albeit in the guise of religious art). Dec 15, 2020 - Explore Jon Opalski's board "Suzanne Valadon Paintings", followed by 1630 people on Pinterest. Etablissement - Lycée Suzanne Valadon. As one of the best documented French artists of the early 20th century, Valadon's body of work has been of great interest to feminist art historians, especially given her focus on the female form. Her mother, Madeleine Valadon, worked as a sewing maid; the identity of her father was not known.  See also Suzanne Valadon.  In the Montmartre quarter of Paris, she pursued her interest in art, first working as a model for artists, observing and learning their techniques, before becoming a noted painter herself. Valadon grew up in poverty with her mother, an unmarried laundress in Montmartre; she did not know her father.  Her later works, such as Blue Room (1923), are brighter in color and show a new emphasis on decorative backgrounds and patterned materials. This is not an ideal fantasy, even though presented in a biblical guise; the painting speaks of the meeting of fleshy bodies in a way that prior to this was unheard of. She preferred to paint working-class models. Suzanne Valadon died of a stroke on 7 April 1938, at age 72, and was buried in the CimetiÃ¨re de Saint-Ouen in Paris.  In 1909, Valadon began an affair with the painter AndrÃ© Utter, the 23-year-old friend of her son, divorcing Moussis in 1913.  Valadon's marginalized status allowed her to enter the male domain of art through modeling, and her lack of formal academic training may have made her feel more comfortable breaking with convention. This is an interesting painting in that it recalls similar scenes by the likes of Cezanne and Matisse. regional alienor d'aquitaine. autres centres les plus proches. I took the best of them of their teachings, of their examples. Indeed, the style and energy of Valadonâs mark making is most comparable at this point with the work of Egon Schiele. Satie became obsessed with her, calling her his Biqui, writing impassioned notes about "her whole being, lovely eyes, gentle hands, and tiny feet", but after six months she left, leaving him devastated.  Valadon and Utter regularly exhibited work together until the couple divorced in 1934.. 87000 limoges.  She modeled for over 10 years for many different artists including Pierre-CÃ©cile Puvis de Chavannes, ThÃ©ophile Steinlen, Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Jean-Jacques Henner, and Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec. The Female Nude in the Work of Suzanne Valadon, Suzanne Valadon: Artist, Mistress, Model and Muse of Montmartre, Looking as Women: The Paintings of Suzanne Valadon, Paula Modersohn-Becker and Frida Kahlo, Discover the Overlooked 19th Century Montmartre Artist, Suzanne Valadon, Scalawags: Suzanne Valadon: Artist, mother, muse, and lover, Conflicted Selves: Women, Art, & Paris 1880-1914, The Female Avant-Garde: Challenging Ideas of Gender in Morisotâs Wet Nurse and Valadonâs Blue Room, Through the Eyes of the Artist: Suzanne Valadon, Maurice Utrillo Playing With a Slingshot (1895). Portrait of the Painter Maurice Utrillo, 1921, Still Life with Tulips and Fruit Bowl, 1924, Still Life with Basket of Apples Vase of Flowers, 1928, Suzanne Valadon, Autoportrait, huile sur carton marouflÃ© sur bois, Profile portrait of Suzanne Valadon, by Renoir, 1885, Portrait of Suzanne Valadon, 1885, by Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, The Hangover (Suzanne Valadon), by Henri Toulouse-Lautrec, c. 1888, "Valadon" redirects here. Palmarès du Lycée Suzanne Valadon ... Suzanne Valadon (1865 -1938) (13) Tadeusz Makowski (1882-1932) (1) Taisia Kirillovna Afonina (1913-1994) (1) Liens utiles Ajouter. This was the first painting in which Valadon placed her subjects in an outdoor rather than interior setting. Titian, Renoir, and Paul Gauguin have also painted such a scene and Valadon was familiar with all of these precedents. French Painter, Printmaker, and Artistsâ Model. According to Hewitt, âThe couple, Suzanne confessed, were caught in a timeless paradise and they were both responsible for their sin." Lycée Suzanne Valadon 39 rue François Perrin 87000 Limoges - (Académie de Limoges) The small square at the base of the Montmartre funicular in Paris is named Place Suzanne Valadon. See more ideas about painting, post impressionists, artist. I paint with the same obstinacy that I use, less vigorously, in my daily existence.â", "âMy work â¦ is finished and the only satisfaction I gain from it is that I have never surrendered. 1920, Second Exhibition of Young French Painting, Galerie Manzy Joyant, Paris; from 1933-1938 and regularly, Salon des Femmes Artistes Modernes, Paris. Lycée Suzanne Valadon Découvrez la fiche formation BTS Services informatiques aux organisations option A solutions d'infrastructure, systèmes et réseaux. As Hewitt writes, âFor a woman to paint a nude heterosexual couple showed extraordinary daring; it was simply not done.â The piece was audacious on a personal level too.  Valadon married Utter in 1914, and he managed her career as well as her son's. She had fallen in love again and as such felt a surge in creativity and began to paint rather than draw much more.